Melissa Hardy


Department of Sociology and Population Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University

Involved in augmenting data on the original cohorts

NLS user since 1978

  • Hardy, Melissa A. 1993. Regression With Dummy Variables. Sage University Paper Series on Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences. Beverly Hills and London: Sage Publications.
  • Hardy, Melissa and Adriana Reyes (2015). "The Longevity Legacy of WWII: Exploring the Intersection of GI Status and Mortality." The Gerontologist
  • Willson, Andrea and Melissa Hardy. 2002. "Racial Disparities in Income Security for a Cohort of Aging American Women." Social Forces 80(4): 1283-1306.
  • Pampel, Fred and Melissa A. Hardy. 1994. "Status Maintenance and Change During Old Age." Social Forces. 73(1):289-314.
  • Hardy, Melissa A. and Eliza K. Pavalko. 1986. "The Internal Structure of Self-Reported Health Measures Among Male Workers and Retirees." Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 27 (December): 346-357.
  • Hardy, Melissa A. 1984. "The Effects of Education on Retirement Among White Male Wage-and-Salary Workers," Sociology of Education, 57 (April): 84-98.
What I learned from NLS data

Using the series of NLS cohorts makes clear the importance of considering historical differences in how careers begin, unfold, and end and how gender and race structure the life course.

Why I chose NLS data

When I decided that my dissertation would address the age patterning of retirement patterns relative to occupation and social policy, the NLS original cohort of older men provided high quality longitudinal data on a large national sample of men as they moved out of the labor force.