David Shapiro


Department of Economics, Penn State University

Senior Research Associate, CHRR, 1976-1980, 1982-1984

NLS user since 1971

  • “Racial Differences in Access to High-Paying Jobs and the Wage Gap Between Black and White Women” (with Deborah Anderson), Industrial and Labor Relations Review, January 1996: 273-286.
  • “Long-Term Employment and Earnings of Women in Relation to Employment Behavior Surrounding the First Birth” (with Frank Mott), Journal of Human Resources, Spring 1994: 248-276.
  • “Growth in the Labor Force Attachment of Married Women: Accounting for Changes in the l970s” (with Lois Shaw), Southern Economic Journal, October 1983: 461-473.
  • “Work Expectations, Human Capital Accumulation, and the Wages of Young Women” (with Steven Sandell), Journal of Human Resources, Summer 1980: 335-353.
  • “Labor Supply Behavior of Prospective and New Mothers” (with Frank Mott), Demography, May 1979: 199-208.
  • “The Theory of Human Capital and the Earnings of Women: A Reexamination of the Evidence” (with Steven Sandell), Journal of Human Resources, Winter 1978: 103-117.
What I learned from NLS data

The first thing I learned by using NLS data is how much fun it is to do research. I had gone to graduate school to get a license to teach at the college level, and anticipated going to a small liberal arts college and focusing on teaching. Ending up at Ohio State proved to be a stroke of good fortune, in retrospect. As for the research, each paper has at least one important finding, and coming up with those findings is the challenge and the pleasure of doing research.

Why I chose NLS data

Beginning in the fall of 1971, I was a young labor economist and demographer in the Economics Department at Ohio State, so I learned about the NLS right away and realized that it was a gold mine for an empirically-oriented person like myself. In the fall of 1976 I began as a half-time Senior Research Associate at the Center, and had the good fortune to work with coauthors like Frank Mott, Steve Sandell, and Lois Shaw. And the environment under Herb Parnes, with colleagues like Gil Nestel, was great. The NLS's detailed data on women's work experience was critical in my being able to do the work published with both Steve Sandell and Deborah Anderson.